CUSCO: Historical and Ecological Tourism
The city of Cusco is a very mystical. Previously the capital of the Inca Empire and one of the most important cities in the Viceroyalty of Peru, it was named a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1983.
Cusco is located in the south-east area of the Andes and is the main destination of Peru, with an annual influx of about one million visitors a year, and one of the largest in America. Called by the Incas, "Casa Morada of Gods", as well as Quechua, Qosqo (Navel of the World), because it started a network of roads that connected nearly all of South America. The department of Cusco has an area of 76.225 km² and the province of Cusco is 523 km². Cusco sits 3350 meters above sea level, measured at a point in the main square (Plaza de Armas).
Cusco's climate is cold, dry, and has two well defined seasons: the rainy season between November and March, with temperatures ranging between 11º and 13º C and dry. Between April and October, there are sunny days and cool nights with average temperature 9ºC. The city of Cusco is considered the oldest living city in America, with an approximate age of 3000 years .
The citadel of Machu Picchu is the most important tourist attractions of Cusco. Discovered in 1911 by the American explorer Hiram Bingham, this citadel is one of the NEW WONDERS OF THE WORLD.